SOLUTION: 43-{-9+2}2exponent+18dividedinto6{-2}

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 Algebra: Negative and Fractional exponents Solvers Lessons Answers archive Quiz In Depth

 Question 23062: 43-{-9+2}2exponent+18dividedinto6{-2}Answer by AnlytcPhil(1276)   (Show Source): You can put this solution on YOUR website!43-{-9+2}2exponent+18dividedinto6{-2} Is this what you mean? 6(-2) 43 - (-9 + 2)2 + ----- 18 The rules are remembered by the "word" "PEMDAS" which is to be thought of as four rules "PE[MD][AS]". The "P" is for "parentheses". The "E" is for "Exponentials". The "M" is for "Multiplications". The "D" is for "Divisions". The "A" is for "Additions". The "S" is for "Subtractions" P---1. Go through left to right looking for the lowest level of parentheses with operations to do inside. Do the first one you come to and replace the parentheses with what you get. Keep repeating this step until no parentheses are left with operations to do inside. E---2. Go through left to right looking for exponentials. Do the first one you come to and replace the exponential with what you get. Keep repeating this step until no exponentials are left. MD--3. Go through left to right looking for both multiplications and divisions. Do the first multiplication or division you come to and replace the multiplication or division with the result you get. Keep repeating this step until no multiplications or divisions are left. AS--4. Go through left to right looking for both additions and subtractions. Do the first addition or subtraction you come to and replace the additiontion or subtraction with the result you get. Keep repeating this step until no additions or subtractions are left. You should end up with only a number. If what you mean is 6(-2) 43 - (-9 + 2)2 + ----- 18 then go through looking for parentheses first to see if anything can be done there. The first parenthetical expression we see is (-9+2), so we combine -9 and 2 to get -7, so we replace (-9+2) by (-7) 6(-2) 43 - (-7)2 + ----- 18 There are no more parenthetical expressions with anything to be done inside them. Next we go through looking for exponentials. The only exponential we see is (-7)2 which gives +49, so we replace (-7)2 by 49 6(-2) 43 - 49 + ----- 18 There are no more parentheses with operations inside, nor any more exponentials. So next we go through looking for multiplications or divisions, and we do the first one we come to going left to right: The first one of these we come to is the multiplication 6(-2), which gives -12, so we replace 6(-2) by -12 -12 43 - 49 + ----- 18 Next we go through again looking for multiplications or divisions, and we do the first one we come to going left to right: The first one of these we come to is the division -12/18 which reduces to -2/3, so we replace the -12/18 by (-2/3) 43 - 49 + (-2/3) Finally we do additions and subtractions left to right as we come to them: Now we do 43 - 49 and replace that by -6 -6 + (-2/3) To add two negative numbers we add their absolute values 6 and 2/3, getting 6 2/3 or 20/3, and annex the negative sign, getting -20/3 This is the final answer: -20/3 Edwin AnlytcPhil@aol.com