Q1. If 4:36::x:63, then find the value of x.
Q2. If a:b = 3:5, b:c = 5:7, c:d = 14:3. Find a:d
Q3. Compare the ratios
3:5 and 2:3.
A3. The LCM of 5 and 3 is 15.
3:5 = 9:15
2:3 = 10:15
Since 10:15>9:15, thus 2:3 is greater than 3:5
Q4. If a:b=3:4, b:c=5:7, c:d= 11:13, then compare a,b c and d
A3. a:b = 3:4, therefore a < b
b:c = 5:7, therefore b < c
c:d = 11:13 therefore c < d
Hence a < b < c < d
Q5. The ratio
between two quantities is 3:7. If first quantity is 15, find the second one.
A5. Let the second quantity be x.
Thus 3:7 = 15:x
Since Product of Extremes = Product of Means
3x = 15*7
=> x = 15/3*7
Q6. Two numbers are in ratio
3:7. The difference between the numbers is 36. Find the numbers.
A6. Let the numbers be 3x and 7x. Thus the ratio
is 3:7. The difference between them would be 7x-3x = 4x. Given that the difference is 36, we get
4x = 36
=> x = 9
Thus the numbers are 3x and 7x which means 27 and 63.
Q7. Two vessels of equal volume have milk and water in the ratio
3:2 and 3:7. The vessels are then mixed. Find the ratio
of milk and water in the mixture.
A7. Let the volume be 1000ml.
The first vessel would have milk =
The second vessel would have milk =
Thus total milk in mixture = 400+300 = 700ml
Total water in the mixture = 2*1000 - 700 = 1300ml
Ratio of Milk:Water = 700:1300 = 7:13
Q8. If A completes a work in 5 days and B completes the same work in 3 days, how long would it take to complete the work if both work together?
A8. Rate of completion of work = 1/(Number of days taken) per day
Rate at which A completes the work = 1/5 per day
Rate at which B completes the work = 1/3 per day
Rate at which both will completer the work together =
Thus time taken to complete the work = 1/(8/15) = 15/8 days
This lesson has been accessed 25605 times.