# SOLUTION: A 20 cm pencil is in the shape of a cylinder. When the pencil is sharpened, the tip is a cone with a height of 4cm. Since the volume of a cone is one-third that of a cylinder with

Algebra ->  Algebra  -> Volume -> SOLUTION: A 20 cm pencil is in the shape of a cylinder. When the pencil is sharpened, the tip is a cone with a height of 4cm. Since the volume of a cone is one-third that of a cylinder with       Log On

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 Click here to see ALL problems on Volume Question 191327: A 20 cm pencil is in the shape of a cylinder. When the pencil is sharpened, the tip is a cone with a height of 4cm. Since the volume of a cone is one-third that of a cylinder with the same height and radius, Sean has calculated that about 13% of the volume of the pencil was removed in the sharpening. Was his calculation correct? Show your work. With my calculations, I got a radius of approx. 1.4 cm. Is this correct? Is the 20 cm the height of the whole pencil?Answer by solver91311(17077)   (Show Source): You can put this solution on YOUR website! Yes, 20 cm is the overall length of the pencil. Since the conical end has a height of 4 cm, the length of the cylinder part of the pencil that remained after the sharpening process is 16 cm. It doesn't matter what the radius is, and you couldn't figure it out properly anyway since you have neither diameter, circumference, or actual volume measurements. Not sure what you used to get the 1.4 cm, but for the reason stated, it has to be wrong. Besides, a 1.4 cm radius for a pencil would make a mighty fat pencil -- the diameter would be 2.8 cm which is about 1.1 inch, roughly 3 times as wide as those fat pencils they gave us in the 1st grade. The volume of a right circular cylinder is given by: Where is the area of the base and is the height. The volume of a right circular cone is given by: So, the volume of the pencil before it was sharpened was: And the volume of the pencil after it was sharpened was the volume of the cylinder part plus the volume of the cone part: The difference between the volume of the unsharpened pencil and the sharpened one is: Then the percentage decrease from the original is Sean's 13% is close enough. By the way, did you notice that no matter how fat or skinny the pencil is, the answer is the same? John