# SOLUTION: Can someone help me factor the following problems? 1. 36x^2 + 96xy + 64y^2 2. 8x^3 + 27y^3

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Question 317820: Can someone help me factor the following problems?
1. 36x^2 + 96xy + 64y^2
2. 8x^3 + 27y^3

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# 1

Factor out the GCF

Now let's focus on the inner expression

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Looking at we can see that the first term is and the last term is where the coefficients are 9 and 16 respectively.

Now multiply the first coefficient 9 and the last coefficient 16 to get 144. Now what two numbers multiply to 144 and add to the middle coefficient 24? Let's list all of the factors of 144:

Factors of 144:
1,2,3,4,6,8,9,12,16,18,24,36,48,72

-1,-2,-3,-4,-6,-8,-9,-12,-16,-18,-24,-36,-48,-72 ...List the negative factors as well. This will allow us to find all possible combinations

These factors pair up and multiply to 144
1*144
2*72
3*48
4*36
6*24
8*18
9*16
12*12
(-1)*(-144)
(-2)*(-72)
(-3)*(-48)
(-4)*(-36)
(-6)*(-24)
(-8)*(-18)
(-9)*(-16)
(-12)*(-12)

note: remember two negative numbers multiplied together make a positive number

Now which of these pairs add to 24? Lets make a table of all of the pairs of factors we multiplied and see which two numbers add to 24

First NumberSecond NumberSum
11441+144=145
2722+72=74
3483+48=51
4364+36=40
6246+24=30
8188+18=26
9169+16=25
121212+12=24
-1-144-1+(-144)=-145
-2-72-2+(-72)=-74
-3-48-3+(-48)=-51
-4-36-4+(-36)=-40
-6-24-6+(-24)=-30
-8-18-8+(-18)=-26
-9-16-9+(-16)=-25
-12-12-12+(-12)=-24

From this list we can see that 12 and 12 add up to 24 and multiply to 144

Now looking at the expression , replace with (notice adds up to . So it is equivalent to )

Now let's factor by grouping:

Group like terms

Factor out the GCF of out of the first group. Factor out the GCF of out of the second group

Since we have a common term of , we can combine like terms

So factors to

So this also means that factors to (since is equivalent to )

note: is equivalent to since the term occurs twice. So also factors to

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So our expression goes from and factors further to

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So factors to

In other words

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# 2

Rewrite as . Rewrite as .

Now factor by using the sum of cubes formula. Remember the sum of cubes formula is

Multiply

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